Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata. This place is supposed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. It was here that sage Parashuram washed away his sin, sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini.

The widely scattered archeological remains at different places in Arunachal bears testimony to its rich cultural heritage. Arunachal Pradesh, a serene land tucked into the North Eastern tip of India, invites you to relax in its picturesque hills and valleys, enjoy its salubrious climate and meet its simple and hospitable people, with their glorious heritage of arts and crafts and colourful festivals that reflect their ancient faith in the inexorable power of nature.

The visitor has a wide variety of options to pick from. There are places of worship and piligrimage such as Parasuramkund and 400 years old Tawang Monastery, or the sites of archeological excavations like Malinithan and Itanagar, the serene beauty of lakes such as Ganga lake or Sela lake or the numerous variations of scenic beauty of the snowclad silver mountain peaks and lush green meadows where thousands of species of flora and fauna prosper. In addition, the state provides abundant scope for angling, boating, rafting, trekking and hiking. Besides, there are a number of wild life sanctuaries and national parks where rare animals, birds and plants will fascinate the visitor.

Nature has provided the people with a deep sense of beauty which finds delightful expression in their songs, dances and crafts. The climate varies from hot and humid to heavy rainfall in the Shivalik range. It becomes progressively cold as one moves northwards to higher altitudes. Trees of great size, plentiful climbers and abundance of cane and bamboo make Arunachal evergreen.

Arunachal Pradesh is considered to be the "nature's treasure trove"and home to orchids, known for their exquisitely beautiful blooms, from one of the dominant taxa with more than six hundred species, occurring in varying elevations and climatic conditions throughout the state.

Certainly, there are no records of the past to accurate predicament about Arunachal Pradesh. The early Christian era has some information of the early living inhabitants of the year 1826, the periodical accounts of historical values where been restored. Those days, the state was known as NEFA [North East Frontier Agency] later, the state had its identity when some tribal excavated during 1914 from Darrange and Lakhimpur districts of the Assam province and formed as North East Frontier Tract. This gave some more gateway separation of sparsely populated tribal such as Balipara Frontier Tract, Lakhimpur Frontier Tract, Sadiya Frontier Tract and Tirap Fronties Tract during the years of 1914 and 1946. Alas! Alongwith Naga tribal region it was named as NEFA in the year 1951. In 1954 NEFA had been reconstituted into six divisions. Wherein, one among them the Tuensang Frontier division was separated since 1957 and merged with the newly constituted Naga Hills Tuensang and today it is known as Nagaland. During the early 1972 Arunachal Pradesh had its political status and in the later year of 1987 it was known to be a complete state.

Today, Arunachal Pradesh is a vastly peeping state, into trade and Economy value. Over 40 percent of population is mainly focused on agriculture; they grow rice, maize, millets, pulses, potatoes, wheat and mustard. Moreover, the basic industries are based upon forest-based woods, such as handicrafts, handloom, saw mills, plywood, rice mill fruit preservation units, soap and candle manufacturing, steel fabrication, oil expellers etc., are the other factors of growth progressions here. The geographical values have provided valuables like coal, crude oil, deposits of dolomite ores, limestone, graphite, mica, iron ore, copper ore and graphite which add more focus on fast growing trade. As a whole Arunachal Pradesh has extended its commerce commute throughout the country which allows an increase of Transport business to the state. Though the erstwhile living here were tribal, today, they are most marvelling people of the state to the country in trade.

Festivals
Through these regions are scattered amid thick forest, hills and valleys. The source of festivals are mere enchant of celebration. The tribal, colours and culture, their manners and drink are all old yet new and fresh at times of festivals. Numerous tribal around here with varied celebrating methods and style of festivals. Adis celebrate Solong and Mopin, Monpas and Sherdukpens Lossar and Hill Miris Boovi-boot. But mostly, Animal sacrifice is the common feature that is followed for sacredness and these religions rituals and rites are performed by their nominated priests, who shall never deny culture and custom.

Area : 83,743 sq .km
Capital : Itanagar
Districts : 15
Language : Monpa, Apatani, Hill, Miri, etc
Population : 1091117
Literacy :54.74 %